This LAP indicates if hydrogen has to follow specific requirements when transported, and if the regulations are different from the transport of other types of gas. It identifes the competent authorities to allocate the routes.
Road Planning provide the municipalities with a clear understanding of the maximum risks that the transport of hazardous substances may cause. Baseline goals are: Transport hazardous substances between major industrial sites and abroad, including in the future, keeping risks for locals along the routes within legal limits, provide clarity to municipalities about what may / may not be built.
Hydrogen is considered as any other flammable gas or dangerous good for its transportation. The Agreement of transport of Dangerous Goods by Road applies.
Is it a barrier?
The education and material regulations are needed for safety reasons; no excessive regulations are present.
Question 1 Are there any specific regulations or restrictions on the road transport of hydrogen? A) Does hydrogen have to follow specific requirements when transported? (e.g. specific types of roads, specific route)
Same as other flammable materials.
Question 1 Are there any specific regulations or restrictions on the road transport of hydrogen? B) Please specify the requirements regarding tunnels, bridges, parking, others
Same as other flammable materials. Some tunnels cannot be used certain times (rush hour). If the truck driver think there is risk that the truck will get stuck in the tunnel the driver will not use the tunnel. Parking has no restrictions
Question 2 Which authorities are competent to allocate the routes? (and at what level: national, local?)
National traffic administration
Question 3 Are the regulations differing from the transport of other types of gas?
Same as other flammable gases.
Describe the comparable technology and its relevance with regard to hydrogen
Transport of any explosive gas for industrial purposes.
ADR–S 2017 Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskaps föreskrifter om transport av farligt gods på väg och i terräng
Transport of dangerous goods on the roads
European Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances [CLP regulation]
The CLP Regulation (Classification, Labelling and Packaging of substances and mixtures) entered into force on the 20th of January 2009 and replaced the two previously existing laws or legal instruments, the Dangerous Substance Directive (DSD) and the Dangerous Preparation Directive (DPD). CLP is based on the Globally Harmonized System (GHS), a set of recommendations drafted by the United Nations. The CLP Regulation is applied to substances since 2010 and to mixtures since June 2015.
The Regulation includes hydrogen in its list of substances of hazardous substances (Part 3, Table 3.1) establishes rules for the harmonised classification and labelling of hydrogen.
Directive 2014/68/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of pressure equipment.
The Pressure Equipment Directive, applies to the design, manufacture and conformity assessment of pressure equipment and assemblies with a maximum allowable pressure greater than 0.5 bar.
Technical requirements and classification according to an ascending level of hazard, depending on pressure, volume or nominal size, the fluid group and state of aggregation, as well as conformity assessment procedures are laid down and required by the Directive
Hydrogen is a fluid which falls under Group 1. Group 1 consists of dangerous fluids (flammable, toxic and/or oxidizing). As a result, a large part of the equipment for H2 production, storage and distribution must meet the technical requirements set out in the Pressure Equipment Directive (PED).
The Directive is relevant for the approval of landing / bunkering installations
Directive 2008/68/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 September 2008 on the inland transport of dangerous goods.
Extends the uniform rules of ADR to national transport.
Restrictions on grounds of transport safety
1. Member States may on grounds of transport safety apply more stringent provisions, with the exception of construction requirements, concerning the national transport of dangerous goods by vehicles, wagons and inland waterway vessels registered or put into circulation within their territory.
Commission Regulation (EU) No 453/2010 of 20 May 2010 amending Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)
The Regulation defines the requirement for safety data sheets. It provides, as part of Annex 1 and 2 detailed requirements for the compilation of safety data sheets, which should include, inter alia: (i) Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking, (ii) Hazards identification, (iii) Composition/information on ingredients, (iii) First aid measures, (iv) Accidental release measures, (v) Handling and storage, (vi) Exposure controls/personal protection, (vii) Physical and chemical properties, (viii) Toxicological information, (ix) Ecological information, (x) Transport information, (xi) Regulatory information
ADR European Agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by roads.
hazardous materials may in general be transported internationally in wheeled vehicles, provided that conditions be met for the product packaging and labelling; and that the construction, equipment, and use of vehicles for the transport is compliant:
Safety data Sheet SDS Eiga067A
Point 14 Transport informations