This LAP indicates if hydrogen has to follow specific requirements when transported, and if the regulations are different from the transport of other types of gas. It identifes the competent authorities to allocate the routes.
Road Planning provide the municipalities with a clear understanding of the maximum risks that the transport of hazardous substances may cause. Baseline goals are: Transport hazardous substances between major industrial sites and abroad, including in the future, keeping risks for locals along the routes within legal limits, provide clarity to municipalities about what may / may not be built.
Hydrogen is considered as any other flammable gas or dangerous good for its transportation. The Agreement of transport of Dangerous Goods by Road applies.
Is it a barrier?
This LAP is not associated with any barrier in the Norwegian case.
Question 1 Are there any specific regulations or restrictions on the road transport of hydrogen? A) Does hydrogen have to follow specific requirements when transported? (e.g. specific types of roads, specific route)
There are no specific requirements for transportation of hydrogen, in terms of roads, specific routes.
Question 1 Are there any specific regulations or restrictions on the road transport of hydrogen? B) Please specify the requirements regarding tunnels, bridges, parking, others
According to ADR, all tunnels in Europe with special restrictions for transport of dangerous goods shall be marked according to the rules and definitions in the ADR agreement. This also applies in Norway; tank transport of hydrogen is forbidden in tunnels of category B, C, D and E, and hydrogen transport in other containers is not allowed in tunnel category D and E. In practice there is only one tunnel with specified restrictions on transportation of dangerous goods; the subsea tunnel between Ellingsøy and Valderøy, near Ålesund, where tunnel category C applies from 0600 – 2400 every day. Otherwise, there is a special arrangement for a tunnel in Hvaler municipality, where the tunnel is closed every time a transport of dangerous goods is reported. There have also been time–limited restrictions on transportation of dangerous goods in some of the most heavily trafficked tunnels in Oslo. However, the website of the Directorate of Civil Protection (DSB) notes that tunnel restrictions are applied more widely in the EC than in Norway, even if Norway is one of the countries constructing most tunnels in the world, and has more than 1000 tunnels (Institute of Transport Economics, 2012). According to Chapter 2, paragraph 7 of the Regulation of road transportation of dangerous goods, the municipal Fire and Rescue Department has the authority to require that parking/stops for breaks are made in designated areas, in certain cases. However, they cannot impose general rules to this effect. There are no special restrictions for transportation of dangerous goods on bridges. National ferry restrictions are the same as for other class 2 substances: On open, local ferries with foam extinguishers on deck there are no passenger restrictions, but on closed ferries and ferries without foam extinguishers passenger restrictions still apply.
Question 2 Which authorities are competent to allocate the routes? (and at what level: national, local?)
The Norwegian Public Roads Administration [Statens Vegvesen] (national level).
Question 3 Are the regulations differing from the transport of other types of gas?
The rules are the same for hydrogen as for other dangerous substances in CLP ADR class 2, including LNGgoods, including low flashpoint substances. Special restrictions do in some cases apply to explosives.
Describe the comparable technology and its relevance with regard to hydrogen
Other gases in ADR class 2
Planning and Building Act (2008) (Plan og bygningsloven)
One of the provisions in this Act is that national guidelines for sustainable and coordinated housing, spatial and transport planning (statlige føringer for en miljørettet og samordnet areal– og transportplanlegging (SAT)) shall be emphasized at all levels of public planning (paragraph 3–6), as well as in sector planning governed by other laws than the Planning and Building Act.
- National guidelines for sustainable and coordinated housing, spatial and transport planning (Statlige planretningslinjer for samordnet bolig–, areal– og transportplanlegging (SAT)
Regulation of road transportation of dangerous goods, 1. July 2009 (Forskrift om landtransport av farlig gods)
Chapter 2, general regulations, chapter 3, special requirements for certain categories of goods, containers, tanks and vehicles.
ADR/RID 20175 – Regulation 1. April 2009, no. 384 on road transportation of dangerous goods (ADR/RID 20175 – Forskrift 1. April 2009, nr. 384 om landtransport av farlig gods)
Part 1, general regulations, Part 2, classification, Part 3, list of dangerous substances and exceptions for specific quantities, Part 7, regulation of transportation, loading, unloading and handling.
Regulation of transportable pressure equipment (Forskrift om transportabelt trykkutstyr)
Regulation of transportable pressure equipment that is new on the market and not used solely for transport of dangerous goods between Norway and countries outside EEA in accordance with the ADR/RID Directive. Requires renewed conformity marking (samsvarsvurdering) to ensure that the technical equipment meets requirements equivalent to those of ADR/RID. Regulation of control and use of CE marked transportable pressure equipment, which also should be equivalent or in conformity with ADR/RID...
European Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances [CLP regulation]
The CLP Regulation (Classification, Labelling and Packaging of substances and mixtures) entered into force on the 20th of January 2009 and replaced the two previously existing laws or legal instruments, the Dangerous Substance Directive (DSD) and the Dangerous Preparation Directive (DPD). CLP is based on the Globally Harmonized System (GHS), a set of recommendations drafted by the United Nations. The CLP Regulation is applied to substances since 2010 and to mixtures since June 2015.
The Regulation includes hydrogen in its list of substances of hazardous substances (Part 3, Table 3.1) establishes rules for the harmonised classification and labelling of hydrogen.
Directive 2014/68/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of pressure equipment.
The Pressure Equipment Directive, applies to the design, manufacture and conformity assessment of pressure equipment and assemblies with a maximum allowable pressure greater than 0.5 bar.
Technical requirements and classification according to an ascending level of hazard, depending on pressure, volume or nominal size, the fluid group and state of aggregation, as well as conformity assessment procedures are laid down and required by the Directive
Hydrogen is a fluid which falls under Group 1. Group 1 consists of dangerous fluids (flammable, toxic and/or oxidizing). As a result, a large part of the equipment for H2 production, storage and distribution must meet the technical requirements set out in the Pressure Equipment Directive (PED).
The Directive is relevant for the approval of landing / bunkering installations
Directive 2008/68/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 September 2008 on the inland transport of dangerous goods.
Extends the uniform rules of ADR to national transport.
Restrictions on grounds of transport safety
1. Member States may on grounds of transport safety apply more stringent provisions, with the exception of construction requirements, concerning the national transport of dangerous goods by vehicles, wagons and inland waterway vessels registered or put into circulation within their territory.
Commission Regulation (EU) No 453/2010 of 20 May 2010 amending Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)
The Regulation defines the requirement for safety data sheets. It provides, as part of Annex 1 and 2 detailed requirements for the compilation of safety data sheets, which should include, inter alia: (i) Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking, (ii) Hazards identification, (iii) Composition/information on ingredients, (iii) First aid measures, (iv) Accidental release measures, (v) Handling and storage, (vi) Exposure controls/personal protection, (vii) Physical and chemical properties, (viii) Toxicological information, (ix) Ecological information, (x) Transport information, (xi) Regulatory information
ADR European Agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by roads.
hazardous materials may in general be transported internationally in wheeled vehicles, provided that conditions be met for the product packaging and labelling; and that the construction, equipment, and use of vehicles for the transport is compliant:
Safety data Sheet SDS Eiga067A
Point 14 Transport informations