This LAP indicates if hydrogen has to follow specific requirements when transported, and if the regulations are different from the transport of other types of gas. It identifes the competent authorities to allocate the routes.
Road Planning provide the municipalities with a clear understanding of the maximum risks that the transport of hazardous substances may cause. Baseline goals are: Transport hazardous substances between major industrial sites and abroad, including in the future, keeping risks for locals along the routes within legal limits, provide clarity to municipalities about what may / may not be built.
Hydrogen is considered as any other flammable gas or dangerous good for its transportation. The Agreement of transport of Dangerous Goods by Road applies.
Is it a barrier?
Based on industry opinion, route planning is not a barrier at this moment.
There is currently no ADR classified tunnel in Hungary.
There is currently no ADR classified tunnel in Hungary.
Question 1 Are there any specific regulations or restrictions on the road transport of hydrogen? A) Does hydrogen have to follow specific requirements when transported? (e.g. specific types of roads, specific route)
Yes, but not hydrogen–specific: the relevant rules of ADR (transportation of dangerous goods) must be kept. Gaseous hydrogen does not need specific (designated and permitted) route. Liquid hydrogen transport (LH2) would require route permit, but LH2 transport is very rare in Hungary; actually not exist. Beside ADR the General rules of roads (KRESZ) must be kept (e.g.: weight limitation of trucks), but its independent from the transported goods.
Question 1 Are there any specific regulations or restrictions on the road transport of hydrogen? B) Please specify the requirements regarding tunnels, bridges, parking, others
In Hungary there is no or very few limitation regarding to tunnels, bridges, where hydrogen transport is limited.
Question 2 Which authorities are competent to allocate the routes? (and at what level: national, local?)
Compressed gas (CGH2) transport does not need route approval. In case of liquid hydrogen (LH2) county level transport authority is competent in route permit, but LH2 transport is practically does not exist in Hungary. The so called EKÁER (Electronic Public Road Trade Control System) must be applied by every participants (above 3,5 t) of the transport sector, but this is related to road tolls, and not the transported goods (a taxation issue).
Question 3 Are the regulations differing from the transport of other types of gas?
Just partly: general ADR rules must be applied for hydrogen just the same way as for flammable gases. Difference could occur for toxic gasses, where more stringent restrictions can appear.
Describe the comparable technology and its relevance with regard to hydrogen
Any technical gasses and/or flammable gasses.
Legislative Decree No 19 of 1979 on the proclamation of European Agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by road (ADR)
The Geneva Convention of 30 September 1957 on the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road proclaimed by this Decree. This is the official Hungarian translation of the Convention. The minister responsible for transport is liable to implement this ADR Legislation. And the Government is authorized to announce the provisions of Annexes A and B of the ADR Convention its own, separate Decree, as well as its amendments and additions..
- NFM Decree No 61/2013. on domestic application of Annex A and B of the European Agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by road (ADR)
Act LXXXIX. of 2015 on proclamation of Annex A and B of the European Agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by road (ADR), and on same aspects of its domestic application
Amendments to Annexes A and B to the European Agreement on the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road entered into force on 1 January 2015. Par 4 § There is no place for appeal against the decision of a public authority relating to the issue of an "approval certificate" for vehicles carrying dangerous goods. Competent ministers are authorized to set out the detailed rules and additions required for the domestic application of Annexes "A" and "B" in a ministerial decree. .
European Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances [CLP regulation]
The CLP Regulation (Classification, Labelling and Packaging of substances and mixtures) entered into force on the 20th of January 2009 and replaced the two previously existing laws or legal instruments, the Dangerous Substance Directive (DSD) and the Dangerous Preparation Directive (DPD). CLP is based on the Globally Harmonized System (GHS), a set of recommendations drafted by the United Nations. The CLP Regulation is applied to substances since 2010 and to mixtures since June 2015.
The Regulation includes hydrogen in its list of substances of hazardous substances (Part 3, Table 3.1) establishes rules for the harmonised classification and labelling of hydrogen.
Directive 2014/68/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of pressure equipment.
The Pressure Equipment Directive, applies to the design, manufacture and conformity assessment of pressure equipment and assemblies with a maximum allowable pressure greater than 0.5 bar.
Technical requirements and classification according to an ascending level of hazard, depending on pressure, volume or nominal size, the fluid group and state of aggregation, as well as conformity assessment procedures are laid down and required by the Directive
Hydrogen is a fluid which falls under Group 1. Group 1 consists of dangerous fluids (flammable, toxic and/or oxidizing). As a result, a large part of the equipment for H2 production, storage and distribution must meet the technical requirements set out in the Pressure Equipment Directive (PED).
The Directive is relevant for the approval of landing / bunkering installations
Directive 2008/68/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 September 2008 on the inland transport of dangerous goods.
Extends the uniform rules of ADR to national transport.
Restrictions on grounds of transport safety
1. Member States may on grounds of transport safety apply more stringent provisions, with the exception of construction requirements, concerning the national transport of dangerous goods by vehicles, wagons and inland waterway vessels registered or put into circulation within their territory.
Commission Regulation (EU) No 453/2010 of 20 May 2010 amending Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)
The Regulation defines the requirement for safety data sheets. It provides, as part of Annex 1 and 2 detailed requirements for the compilation of safety data sheets, which should include, inter alia: (i) Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking, (ii) Hazards identification, (iii) Composition/information on ingredients, (iii) First aid measures, (iv) Accidental release measures, (v) Handling and storage, (vi) Exposure controls/personal protection, (vii) Physical and chemical properties, (viii) Toxicological information, (ix) Ecological information, (x) Transport information, (xi) Regulatory information
ADR European Agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by roads.
hazardous materials may in general be transported internationally in wheeled vehicles, provided that conditions be met for the product packaging and labelling; and that the construction, equipment, and use of vehicles for the transport is compliant:
Safety data Sheet SDS Eiga067A
Point 14 Transport informations