This LAP contains information about the procedures for landing and bunkering installations associated with hydrogen transport on vessels. It provides information on the responsible approving authority and the particularities of the procedure when considering hydrogen in it’s liquid or compressed form.
In most countries, requirements for bunkering (loading) of hydrogen as a fuel on–board the vessel are not yet developed. It is likely that, for now, general rules stemming from storage of hydrogen (see category 2) and rules covering HRS’s (see category 4.4) would apply. It is worth noting that, given the high energy demand of medium to large vessels, the quantities involved will be in the order of several tonnes, hence hydrogen storage facilities would likely be subject to significant obligations and requirements (e.g. SEVESO)
Existing rules for safe handling of inflammable, reactive and pressurized substances (e.g. which cover inter alia LNG) currently apply, however, it is not certain how these would be adapted to hydrogen. From this point of view, this process is characterized by a clear regulatory gap.
Early indication would show that further risk studies and technology qualification is required for the establishment of specific regulatory guidance covering liquid and compressed gaseous hydrogen for landing and bunkering installations. This is further indication that specific regulatory solutions to this regulatory gap are years away. Although there is limited practical experience, the lack of clarity as to the applicable rules s further reinforces the severity of the administrative barriers faced by the introduction of hydrogen as a fuel in the maritime sector.
This map depicts the severity of this barrier across the HyLaw Partner countries.
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The HyLAW project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under grant agreement No 737977.
This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.