This LAP refers to the land use plan and analyses the legal requirements for building a centralised hydrogen production facility (including potential zone prohibition), identifies the authority responsible for delivering the land use permit, gives an estimate of the time needed to change the land use plan, and finally highlights if the permit process is uniform throughout the country.
From a land use perspective, the production of hydrogen is, in almost all partner countries, is regarded as an industrial activity, irrespective of the production method (even when produced from non-emitting methods such as water electrolysis), hence such activity would only be permitted in an area designated as an industrial zone or, in under specific conditions in commercial areas
Given that, traditionally, the production of hydrogen in large quantities (often the case for centralised production) has taken place through industrial processes such as steam methane reforming, the limitation of these activities to industrial zones is understandable. However, current legal and administrative processes would likely also relegate non-emitting production processes such as electrolysis to such zones, thereby unduly limiting the locations where such installations can be built
This map depicts the severity of this barrier across the HyLaw Partner countries.
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The HyLAW project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under grant agreement No 737977.
This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.