|a - What are the main regulations/requirements regarding land use plans for building an HRS (e.g. permitting regime, agreement)?|
|b - Are there specific requirements or zone prohibitions for HRS in the land use plans?|
|Which is the authority responsible for delivering the land use permit?|
|Is there a uniform permit process at local level throughout a country? (uniform interpretation?)|
|If needed, what is required and how much time does it take to change the land use plan?|
|Is it a barrier?||Yes|
|Type of Barrier||Operational barriers, Regulatory gap|
|Assessment||The lack of implementing regulations of the Ministerial Decree 31 August 2006 causing a major obstacle in the diffusion of HRS in Italy has been overcome thank to a new Decree of 2018, allowing for 700 bars and better alignment to ISO 19880. The local Fire Department refers to this Decree to establish the required safety measures and it is responsible for providing an evaluation in terms of safety and fire prevention. Each municipality may apply different rules for installing a hydrogen refuelling station, and these need to be taken into account when applying for permission to build and operate a HRS.
From a land-use perspective, HRS do not differ significantly from conventional refuelling stations (in general) and those using compressed natural gas (CNG) in particular. However, the lack of specific rules regarding HRS raise the risk that legislation applicable to (industrial) hydrogen production (see category 1) or hydrogen storage (see category 2) would be strictly interpreted and applied mutatis mutandis to HRS thus limiting considerably the zones where some HRSs (especially those with on-site production or with high storage capacity) can be located.
|View Legislation Table|
|PDF Export | Excel Export|