This Lap analyses the legal (regulations and standards) requirements for HRS and the permitting process, including the administrative process involved in obtaining the required approvals to build and operate a HRS.
Where applicable, it looks at whether the permitting process consists of several processes involving multiple permits and authorities and the nature of each of these processes and steps
When considering the process for permitting of construction and operation of an HRS, there are very few countries where the regulations specifically target H2 HRS, the most advanced of these being Germany, Denmark, the UK and the Netherlands.
Where explicit requirements exist, they invariably require a risk assessment to be carried out covering safety risks associated with fire and explosion, risks to health and risks to the environment. The risk assessments should also identify the control measures to be put in place to provide an adequate level of public safety for the proposed installations. The risk assessment should include an assessment of the major accident hazards presented by the delivery, storage and dispensing of hydrogen at the site and identify controls and contingency plans.
Where specific regulations for hydrogen fuelling stations don’t exist, it is expected that authorities will draw on both the permitting process of conventional refuelling stations as well as the regulations applicable for (industrial) H2 storage and for H2 production. This method of working generates requirements well beyond those applicable to conventional stations and the permitting process carries some “regulatory risks” for the operator, as the interpretation and demands from the regional administrative authority can be different from one region to another. By contrast, the requirements for conventional fuel storage at refuelling station are very similar in all EU countries. The lack of experience of potential HRS operators as well as public authorities coupled with the lack of guidelines and instructions for local authorities can cause delays and extra costs and may lead to divergent interpretations from case-to-case, further complicating the obligations of HRS operators.
This map depicts the severity of this barrier across the HyLaw Partner countries.
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The HyLAW project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under grant agreement No 737977.
This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.