Land-use planning is the general term used for a branch of urban planning encompassing various disciplines which seek to order and regulate land use in an efficient and ethical way, thus preventing land-use conflicts. This lap examines:
• The main regulations/requirements regarding land use plans for building an HRS (e.g. permitting regime, agreement)?
• The authority responsible for delivering the land use permit?
• Whether there is a uniform permit process at local level throughout a country? (uniform interpretation?)
• The requirements in terms of documentation and time to change the land use plan?
Across the countries analysed, there are very few cases where hydrogen refuelling stations are specifically targeted and regulated from a land use planning perspective. In practice, the rules that would, arguably, be applicable to HRS do not differ significantly from those of conventional refuelling stations (in general) and those using compressed natural gas (CNG) in particular.
Although not explicitly regulated, permitting of HRS (without on-site generation) should generally be allowed by land plan use regulations where such plans also allow conventional refuelling stations.
Nevertheless, in most countries, on-site production of hydrogen (even when produced from non-emitting methods such as water electrolysis) would result in the HRS being classified as an industrial activity, hence such an HRS would only be permitted in an area designated as an industrial zone, significantly reducing the convenience level of users and severely limiting the business case for development of HRS’s with on-site production.
This map depicts the severity of this barrier across the HyLaw Partner countries.
Data not available
The HyLAW project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under grant agreement No 737977.
This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research.