Simplified process

Simplified process

The purpose of this LAP is to highlight if a simplified process exists for localised production units as compared to centralised ones taking advantage of the smaller amount of hydrogen considered, and if yes, what is the threshold and what are the permitting requirements and process.
 
Are there any simplified process for producing and storing a small quantity of hydrogen?
Specify the threshold
Specify the permitting requirements
Specify the permitting process:
a - Competent authority
b - Different steps
c - The costs
d - The duration of the process
Is it a barrier? Yes
Type of Barrier Structural barriers
Assessment Severity
2
Assessment Practically there’s no real simplified authorisation process for decentralised H2 production.
Legislation (especially environmental legislation) does neither differentiate according the purpose (the final use) of hydrogen: weather it is for energy/transport use, or for chemical industry use; nor differentiate between hydrogen production processes: is it electrolysis, which is more environmentally sound, or steam methane reforming (which is more polluting)

Due to the fact that the legal authorisation process for localised H2 production is the same than for centralised production, this contributes ton long instruction times for projects including on–site H2 production. (HRS with on–site H2–production, power–to–gas….).
Unnecessary to apply as strict permitting process (from environmental point of view) for electrolysis, as for steam methane reforming, as the previous one has much more less impact. Legislation does not differentiate between the different production processes of hydrogen production.
As permitting is practically conducted – in many cases – by county level authorities, a not unequivocal legislation text can be interpreted in different ways among different authorities, which increases the uncertainty and time need of projects.
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This map depicts the severity of this barrier across the HyLaw Partner countries.
  •   No barrier
  •   Low
  •   Medium
  •   High
  •   Data not available
  •   Selected countries