Permitting requirements (include LAP: safety-distances)

Permitting requirements (include LAP: safety-distances)

This LAP refers to the permitting requirements. In particular it underlines if there are some requirements in terms of environmental assessment, risk assessment, safety requirements.
 
What are the main requirements with their applicable regulations for building a hydrogen production facility (e.g. permitting regime, agreement) apart from the land use planning? Please list them including:
a - environmental assessment (e.g.: emissions (IED), noise, etc.)
b - risk assessment
c - safety requirements, including internal/external safety distances
d - others
Is it a barrier? Yes
Type of Barrier Operational barriers, Regulatory gap
Assessment Severity
2
Assessment As there are usually no special hydrogen production permitting requirements, unique modelling and/or other unique calculations can be necessary to determine e.g. protective zones, safety distances, etc., which create uncertainty and increase the time frames.

The safety distances applicable are only known after the risk and safety analysis.
For H2 production by electrolysis there is simply no sense to conduct an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and/or Integrated Environmental (IPPC) permitting, as electrolysis has very small environmental impacts. (Of course, production of electricity used for electrolysis can have significant environmental impacts, but they must be assessed in the EIA/IPPC of that given installation.)
Specific H2 detection equipment have to be permanently installed on the production site to monitor the H2 concentration in the atmosphere. The personnel has to be equipped with a mobile H2 detection system for specific maintenance operations.
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This map depicts the severity of this barrier across the HyLaw Partner countries.
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