|a - What are the main regulations/requirements regarding land use plans for building an HRS (e.g. permitting regime, agreement)?|
|b - Are there specific requirements or zone prohibitions for HRS in the land use plans?|
|Which is the authority responsible for delivering the land use permit?|
|Is there a uniform permit process at local level throughout a country? (uniform interpretation?)|
|If needed, what is required and how much time does it take to change the land use plan?|
|Is it a barrier?||Yes|
|Type of Barrier||Operational barriers, Regulatory gap|
|Assessment||Legislation on land use planning does not knows new types of fuelling stations like CNG or hydrogen; distinction between refuelling station types (fuel types) is missing, so legislation does not reflects to the technology development. As legal rules are non-unequivocal, and hardly applicable in the practice, this consequently can lead to longer duration of permitting procedure, requires more cooperation, so more costly permitting processes; and can cause different implementation among different regional authorities within the country.
Moreover, if a HRS is supplemented with on–site hydrogen production, this type of HRS would be allowed to place only in “industrial area” zones (“Gip” code) according to the present rules. This can prohibit HRSs with on-site hydrogen production from city areas (from "living area" zones).
At the moment, a self-standing legal definition of hydrogen refuelling stations is missing, and rules regarding their placement (in OTÉK and in LSPPs) do not exist. Moreover legal definition and rules on HRS with on–site hydrogen production are also missing. If on–site hydrogen production at a HRS is interpreted strictly according to the existing legislation, this tightens considerably the possibly adequate zones to place these kind of HRSs.
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